Looks like it has been a while since I last updated this blog. For regular readers I apologise for having left you in the dark for so many weeks. Please allow me to make up for this with a post about a photoshoot where I attempted to transform the front room into a photography studio. I already had some speedlites and a couple of softboxes. All as I needed now was a model.
If truth be told there was only one choice for this photo assignment. I’d worked with Katarina before, knew that we got on well, and that she wouldn’t mind me experimenting without any real clue of what I was doing. Katarina is also a very talented photographer and a really creative artist, so was the perfect person to have around for a few hours of lighting experimentation.
There isn’t a great deal of space in the room I was shooting in, it does however have white walls. If you don’t add any light to your backgrounds, they tend to go dark. A white wall will turn into grey. Plain, uncoloured paint may not be a particularly thrilling background, but if you fire coloured lights at it, the results can be good.
Luckily I’d got hold of some gels for my flashes, and decided to have a go at turning the white walls different colours. I mean who doesn’t want some colour in their life eh?
Hey, now we’re getting somewhere.
For those that don’t know, when shooting with coloured gels, the more you increase the power, the lighter, more washed out, the effect appears to be. I’m using minimal power through a blue gel here, which is why the colour is so deep and vibrant. For a more subtle effect, turn the power of your strobe up, and less colour is thrown. This seem counter-intuitive at first, but is easy to understand after a bit of practice.
For the next shot, we decided that a nice pink colour would be best. Too much red would take away the impact of the red strawberry, so I washed the colour of the red gel out a little by increasing the flash power. This gave us pink rather than bright red.
Next off we went for a green background.
Finishing off with yellow.
I very much enjoyed this photoshoot with Katarina, and was pleasantly surprised what can be achieved with minimal lighting equipment and a blank wall. Hope you have enjoyed the pictures of Katarina, and that fellow photographers may be inspired to get out their flashguns and try firing some coloured lights at your walls.
One of the models I’ve worked with, Sinopa Rin, recently created a blog post titled “5 steps to getting the best from your model“. What can a photographer learn from a model? Well quite a lot actually. Her post struck such a chord with me that I decided to write this post as a direct response, but from the photographer’s point of view.
Admittedly I have little experience, time wise, working with models. My first photoshoot, yes with Ms Rin, was a little under a year ago. However, in that time I have managed to squeeze in 35 photoshoots, working with 27 different models along the way, and feel that I have picked up a few hints and tips for a mutually beneficial working relationship that I will share with you now.
1. Treat the model with dignity and respect at all times
This is incredibly important, hence the position at number one in my list. Something you shouldn’t need telling, but alas it would appear that some people need to have this spelled out to them.
Of course you should offer this basic human right to everybody that you meet, but if you will be working with this person, during the shoot and hopefully again in the future, then you should make a special effort.
First off, never touch the model. This is a cardinal rule that cannot be said enough. Some models will tell you they don’t mind you adjusting their clothing, hair, or removing a stray twig stuck to their backside. This is irrelevant. You tell the model about the clothing, the hair, and the twig. You do not touch another person you’re working with unless it is to save them from danger.
“Please” and “Thank you” go a long way. There are photographers who can get away with calling their models “rat bag”, but these are exceptional people with tons of idiosyncratic credit and talent; very few and far between. This does not apply to the likes of you and I so courtesy is always the order of the day.
Be kind, be nice, be polite.
If your model feels safe and protected, if they feel respected, if they’re comfortable, then it will show in the confidence of their poses.
Bottom line: Be nice. Be courteous. Always.
Communication, both before and during the shoot, between the photographer and the rest of the creative team (model, make-up artist, stylist, etc.) is vital for an effective photoshoot. This post is aimed at the model, so I’ll focus on them (no pun intended).
Before the shoot you should be in regular contact with the model about the shoot. Let them know any ideas you have for the shoot. If you have no ideas at all, then let them know this too. I do this a lot.
It is my firm belief that effective pre-shoot communication reduces the risk of cancellations and no-shows. I’m not saying you should pester you model each and every day, but draw up a shoot plan together. Decide upon the location together. Check in with them a few days before to ensure that they’re ready for the shoot. Any last minute issues that may have arisen can be dealt with at this stage. It pays to keep in touch.
Bottom line: A well planned and confirmed shoot is much more likely to happen than one where you have hardly been in touch with each other.
3. Ask, Listen, and Involve
Take the time to involve your model in the creative process. If you are lucky enough to have a model who can help you from a technical side then grab that chance with both hands (don’t touch the model), but if not at the very least you will have somebody who is interested in creating some great photos. Models I’ve worked with have been dancers, artists, creatives, poets, fire breathers, singers, actors and photographers as well and modelling. They have life experiences to draw on, and they also have a good understanding of what looks good in a photograph. An appreciation of art is not limited to those that own cameras.
I’ve had models create mood board on Pinterest that acted as a reference for us both, before and during the shoot. I worked with a model recently who upon hearing my request for suggestions of some images to create came up with three awesome sets that we put together during the shoot. I asked, I listened to the suggestions, and we created art together; a great collaboration.
Bottom line: Every photoshoot is a collaboration. Work together for better results.
4. Home comforts
Take the time to ask your model is there are any snack or refreshments you could bring along to the shoot. You bringing lunch or a snack, especially if they’ll be working in an unfamiliar environment may be a great relief to them. If you’re shooting in an indoor location or studio consider bringing some music along. Ask the model what kind of music they like. I’m currently compiling a playlist of “80’s rock and pop” for a studio shoot tomorrow. The model has a fairly long journey to make tomorrow and I’m keen for he to be comfortable when she arrives. Her favourite music will help here. Very much worth the effort.
The models you work with will have varying degrees of experience. I’m sure the ones who’ve been doing this for many years will have a set routine, or be able to organise themselves, but if you’re working with a model who’s only done a handful of shoot, or possibly this is their first, then there will be things they forget. Whilst an inexperienced model is worrying about bringing the appropriate outfits, or spent all night practicing their poses in front of the mirror, they may have forgotten to bring a drink, some lunch, or even some straws to drink through – essential for not smudging lipstick. If you can bring these things along to the shoot you’ll be a hero, and you will have a grateful model. If they don’t want anything then you can eat all snacks on the way home. It’s a win-win situation.
Bottom line: A happy model is better to work with, and will work better than an unhappy one.
5. Be nice
If you are our on location, check with your model if they’re warm enough. Are you traversing a rocky outpost to reach the next location? Offer an arm for them to hold on to if they need it (never touch the model, but they can hold on to you for support if required).
I have been witness to an episode where a photographer was pressurising a model to rush her lunch. She had a few salad leaves and radish left on her plate when his allotted time for the shoot started. He was worried about missing out on five minutes of his two hours time with her if she didn’t stop eating immediately, or at least rush the remnants of her meal. People need to eat, even models. If you allow a little leeway, show the model that their needs are important, they will work so much harder for you, and this will show in the results.
At this same photoshoot the model I was working with actually encouraged me to continue shooting even though our booked time had expired and we were technically into her lunch break. “Let’s just do five more shots … Ok, they’re really good we’ll do another five … I like these, just a few more and they’re the last ones”. I had to say to the model that we should stop and she should go and eat. I’m wondering if Mr You-Must-Finish-Eating-Now got this extra effort from his model.
I’m not suggesting that a professional model won’t work hard if you even if you are a stickler for exact timekeeping, but I am saying that if you give them some leeway, treat them well, then they’ll go that extra mile for you.
Bottom line: If the model is happy they’ll work so much harder, and you will get much better images.
Yesterday I had a spare half hour, with not much to do. Perfect opportunity to practice off-camera lighting. So, I put the camera on a tripod, popped the flash behind a lighting modifier, grabbed hold of a reflector, and snapped away. I posted the resulting image on Twitter and thought no more about it.
Shortly afterwards, one of my Twitter pals, @leftmidfielder, asked me how I’d set up the shot. I’ve never really done a set-up shot before, so thought it would be fun to explain how I went about making the image. Here goes.
The camera used was a Canon 5D with 85mm f1.8 lens. I set the ISO to 100, the aperture to f8, and the shutter speed to 1/160 second. This was just an initial guess, that would cut out any ambient light in the room. I had no idea if these settings would be right, but it’s not a bad place to start.
I set the flash to 1/4 power, zoomed the head wide, and put it on a lightstand behind a white shoot through umbrella. Lightstand went to camera left, and as high up as the ceiling would allow.
A few test shots told me the light wasn’t quite right, it was all a little dark. I decided to up the ISO to 200 rather than increase the flash power, to help save battery life and keep recycle times short. This looked right to me and the on the histogram.
Now all as you need is a fat man standing in front of a white wall, wearing a silly hat, to hold a reflector. Like this:
The reflector is essential in this shot, especially with a shadow causing hat like this. The reflector will lift the shadows under the face.
The flash trigger is a Yongnuo TN-E3-RT. It’s a copy of the Canon ST-E3-RT, but at a much cheaper price. I’m also holding a Hahnel combo remote trigger that allows me to take pictures whilst I’m on the other side of the lens.
As for post processing, there is actually none. The image is straight out of camera. I suspect that Lightroom adds a little sharpening by default, but I’ve not moved any sliders. In my limited experience, I’ve found that when the lighting is right, the need for post processing is diminished.
Hopefully this will help somebody somewhere in some small way. If you found this useful, inspiring, amusing, irritating, or dreadful then I’d love to hear from you.
I read a lot of photography blogs, watch many tutorials on YouTube, own a stack of photography books, and have been known to purchase the occasional photo magazine too. There are lots of hints and tips on how to master composition, develop your own personal style, use the latest techniques, and myriad of other topics. Some of these are very useful, others not so much.
Recently however I have come across the greatest photography tip I’ve ever heard.
Tony Northrup suggested not using a camera bag. Simple as that. No fancy settings, no tricks, nothing technical, no golden ratios. If you are out with your camera, don’t have it in a bag.
I tend to take a camera with me wherever I go. Quite a lot of the time however I’m either to shy or intimidated to go through the rigmarole of opening the bag, taking the camera out, and start shooting. I’ve been to events and functions with my camera and not taken a single shot. Fear, forgetfulness, lethargy, and I don’t know what have often made me just leave the camera safely tucked away inside my bag. Useless.
So the past week I’ve not only taken my camera with me, but also only used the bag for safe transportation. The result? Photographs appeared. I’ve taken more pictures in the past week than I have in the previous three months. I love taking pictures and anything that helps me take more is a good thing.